Here are 10 places related to the Indian freedom struggle that you must visit. Be it Independence Day or Republic Day, a visit to these important places will make you recall how hard our freedom fighters toiled, shedding their blood like sweat for our country’s independence.
Today, India has the largest democracy in the world but this wouldn’t be possible if the freedom struggle martyrs haven’t surrendered their all to it. No wonder, there are numerous landmarks in India that speak of our freedom struggle. Let’s have a look at these and remember those who have happily laid their lives so that we can breathe in a free, independent India.
10 Places Related To Indian Freedom Struggle That You Must Visit
If you are interested to know which landmarks in India are associated with the Indian freedom struggle, scroll down. You will get a hint of Indian history through these monuments. Mentioned here are the 10 freedom-struggle landmarks you must visit.
Lucknow Residency, Lucknow
This is one of the landmarks of the Indian freedom struggle that commands your visit. Built in 1800, the Lucknow Residency served as the hub of several events of the Revolt of 1857. The 147-day siege of Lucknow was an important event in which thousands of people lost their lives.
Cannonball and bullet marks are still on the wall there. So, this is just the place where you can visit to get a glimpse of the erstwhile struggle for freedom from the British.
Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad
This monument is not only related to the freedom struggle but also to Gandhiji. From 1917 to 1930 Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad served as Gandhiji’s headquarter. He had a Tolstoy Farm in South Africa – a self-sufficient community.
In 1915, when he came back to India, he established his ashram on the same lines of the community. On one side of the ashram stands a prison and on the other, a crematorium. It was the center of Satyagrah. The ashram now holds memories of Gandhiji.
Cellular Jail National Memorial, Port Blair
The jail is among the 10 important places related to India’s freedom struggle. It was the torture zone of the expatriated freedom fighters. The atrocities the prisoners went through at this jail can still send shivers down your spine. Today, the prison is looked upon as a shrine to political dissidents.
Its construction began in 1896 and was completed in 1906. The former prison has witnessed unbearable cries of agonizing prisoners because of their excruciating condition. Do attend the Light and Sound Show held here in the evenings. It gives you a glimpse of what our freedom struggle heroes went through.
Netaji Bhawan, Kolkata
This monument marks itself strongly in the list of freedom movements of India.
The monument is dedicated to Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and commemorates his life and vision of India’s independence and struggle. The museum at this place was the residence of Netaji’s brother and the place from where Subhas Chandra Bose escaped in 1941 from house arrest.
Gateway of India, Mumbai
The iconic monument was built to honor King George V during his royal visit in 1911. However, its construction continued till 1924. After 24 years, the gateway was used for the last British regiment’s parade. The architectural beauty showcases 16th-century Islamic styles.
You can easily visit this monument without worrying about the budget. Check out budget travel tips in India to explore this architectural marvel.
Red Fort, Delhi
The colossal red sandstone structure conjures up the grandeur of Mughal Delhi. At this significant monument, Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India hoisted the Indian flag on 15th August 1947.
Built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, the fort has been the silent spectator of several onslaughts. After defeating the last Mughal ruler, Bahadur Shah Zafar in 1857, the British took over this fort and turned it into their army headquarters. Post Independence, the Indian Army took over the fort.
Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar
Standing near Golden Temple, the bagh holds a poignant past. This was the place where the agonizing Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took place on April 13, 1919. On the fateful day, thousands of people gathered at this garden for a non-violent protest when General Dyer ordered his men to open fire on the crowd.
The innocent people couldn’t escape the rapid bullet rounds in the walled garden. To escape, many jumped into the well there and tried to climb up the walls, only to be killed. To date, the walls of this park carry bullet holes and the garden stands as a memorial.
Aga Khan Palace, Pune
Imam Sultan Muhammad Shah Aga Khan III built this colossal building in 1892. Later, the place was used for the house arrest of several nationalist leaders. Some of the eminent names who served secret imprisonment here include Mahatma Gandhi, his wife Kasturba, and close confidant Mahadev Desai.
It is closely related to the Quit India Movement of 1942, a famous freedom movement in India.
Kasturba Gandhi and Mahadev Desai breathed their last during their confinement here. The palace still houses their belongings.
Mani Bhavan, Mumbai
Having served as the head-quarter of Mahatma Gandhi during his 7 years stay in Mumbai, this iconic monument holds significance in the freedom struggle of India. It is home to several attractions such as a room of Gandhi ji, a library hall, the terrace where he was arrested in 1932, and a picture gallery.
Apart from this National attraction, do visit Mumbai to marvel at its Dussehra celebrations.
Gandhi Smriti, Delhi
Formerly known as Birla Bhavan or Birla House, Gandhi Smriti is a museum dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi. At this place, he spent his last days till 30th January, 1948 – the day he was assassinated. No wonder, it is among the places to be visited on Independence and Republic Day.
These historical edifices have been recognized as iconic monuments of the Indian struggle for freedom. These places portray the country’s rich history and the sacrifices that our great freedom fighters have made for us. By paying a visit to these structures that stand as Indian freedom struggle testimonials, we pay heartfelt tribute to our freedom martyrs.